Technologies that are using the Internet of Things (IoT)

IOT hardware devices
Five Essential Internet of Things (IOT) Applications in Daily Life
August 17, 2021
Iot hardware devices

With the advancements, the internet of things (IoT) keeps promising a smarter future. The global market of IoT is evolving. With the connectivity of new devices to the internet, IoT hardware devices can be monitored and managed from a smartphone.

What is the Technology of IoT made of?

iot hardware devices

It could be hard to find a way through the maze of IoT technology. The IoT is surrounded by numerous technological solutions. However, we could break down the IoT technology stack into four key technology layers involved in making the Internet of Things. These are made to operate for the sake of simplicity. The following are some of them:

Device Hardware:

Devices are the physical objects that make up the Internet of Things. They may vary in:

  • Sizes
  • Shapes
  • Levels

These are for the technological complexity. This depends on the task they are required to accomplish within the specific IoT deployment. They act as an interface between the real and digital worlds. Practically any material thing can be transformed into a connected device by adding sufficient instrumentation such as.

  • Adding sensors
  • Actuators

These can be added along with the needed software to measure and gather the data. Whether the data is a pinhead-sized microphone or massive construction equipment.

  • Device Software:
  • This makes the connected devices smart. Software implements the:
  • Communication with the cloud
  • Collecting data
  • Integrating devices
  • Performing real-time data analysis within the IoT network.

The software device also caters to application-level capabilities for users to visualize data and interact with the IoT system.


There must be another layer that will provide the smart objects with ways and means of exchanging information with the rest of the IoT world. Indeed, communications mechanisms are strongly tied to devices, both hardware and software. It is also important to consider them as a separate layer.

The communication layer includes both physical connectivity solutions that are:

  • Cellular
  • Satellite
  • LAN

With this, specific protocols are used in varying IoT environments. One of the vital parts in constructing every IoT technology stack is choosing the relevant communications solution. The technology chosen will determine:

  • How data is sent to or received from the Cloud
  • How the devices are managed
  • How they communicate with third-party devices.


An IoT platform is an area where the data is:

  • Gathered
  • Managed
  • Processed
  • Analyzed
  • Presented

All this is done in a user-friendly way. This makes this solution valuable because of its ability to analyze and find useful insights from the portions of data. This is done with the help of the communication layer.

Technologies Using IoT:

  • Bluetooth is a short-range connectivity technology. This is best used in wireless headphones and the connectivity of two mobile devices.