With the advancements, the internet of things (IoT) keeps promising a smarter future. The global market of IoT is evolving. With the connectivity of new devices to the internet, IoT hardware devices can be monitored and managed from a smartphone.
It could be hard to find a way through the maze of IoT technology. The IoT is surrounded by numerous technological solutions. However, we could break down the IoT technology stack into four key technology layers involved in making the Internet of Things. These are made to operate for the sake of simplicity. The following are some of them:
Devices are the physical objects that make up the Internet of Things. They may vary in:
These are for the technological complexity. This depends on the task they are required to accomplish within the specific IoT deployment. They act as an interface between the real and digital worlds. Practically any material thing can be transformed into a connected device by adding sufficient instrumentation such as.
These can be added along with the needed software to measure and gather the data. Whether the data is a pinhead-sized microphone or massive construction equipment.
The software device also caters to application-level capabilities for users to visualize data and interact with the IoT system.
There must be another layer that will provide the smart objects with ways and means of exchanging information with the rest of the IoT world. Indeed, communications mechanisms are strongly tied to devices, both hardware and software. It is also important to consider them as a separate layer.
The communication layer includes both physical connectivity solutions that are:
With this, specific protocols are used in varying IoT environments. One of the vital parts in constructing every IoT technology stack is choosing the relevant communications solution. The technology chosen will determine:
An IoT platform is an area where the data is:
All this is done in a user-friendly way. This makes this solution valuable because of its ability to analyze and find useful insights from the portions of data. This is done with the help of the communication layer.